Solitary weasel-like animals called tayra might look pretty harmless, but some may actually be incubators for a parasite that causes Chagas disease, a chronic, debilitating condition that is spread by insects called kissing bugs and affects more than 8 million people worldwide.
The genes that regulate gestational length and the likelihood of preterm delivery, have been identified in a study involving more than 50,000 women. An article describes the scientific breakthrough that can lead to improved health and survival among children.
A gene has been identified by researchers that is thought to be associated with the types of brain damage that can be caused by pre-term birth.
For the first time, researchers present data on how nervous system tumors, called neuroblastomas, spread. Their paper clarifies the relationship between two genes that fuel the aggressive spread of neuroblastomas.
A new systematic analysis has been applied to a cohort of 2,300 families who have a single child affected with autism. The study focused on identifying and characterizing low-lying genetic mutations that may have been missed in previous research, given these mutations are only present in a fraction of the bulk DNA of an individual.
Scientists have identified several genes and gene clusters associated with the immune response to flu vaccination. The findings point to the prospect of using genetic profiles to predict individual responses to the flu vaccine.
The study examined the impact of reforms made to teacher evaluation systems in the wake of a 2009 report that highlighted the failure of US public schools to recognize and act on teacher effectiveness. They found that despite reforms, only a third of teachers perceived by evaluators as ineffective were rated as ineffective. Using surveys and interviews with evaluators in a school district in the Northeast, the researchers uncovered what factors contribute to the discrepancy, and make policy recommendations.
Medical treatment that targets human proteins rather than ever-mutating viruses may one day help HIV-positive people whose bodies have built a resistance to ‘cocktails’ currently used to keep them healthy. Now researchers have pinpointed a protein variant that can be targeted to prevent the human immunodeficiency virus from harming HIV-positive individuals.
A compound of specific bioactive products from a major family of enzymes reduced the severity of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a preclinical model, according to a new study.
A brain mechanism has been identified in siblings of bipolar patients that makes them resilient to bipolar disorder. The results suggest that the brain is able to adapt to the biological risk for bipolar disorder and open new avenues in pursuing further research to enhance resilience in those at risk and currently affected.