A new lung cell type that is implicated in the body’s innate immune defense against the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae — one of the leading causes of pneumonia worldwide — has been discovered by researchers.
Researchers have uncovered a new genetic cause for erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), a photosensitive blood disorder.
A drug originally developed in the 1960s as an antiviral medication is showing promise as a treatment option for people who suffer from increased feelings of aggression following traumatic brain injury, researchers have reported.
Researchers have established a link between hypoxia, a condition that reduces the flow of oxygen to tissues, and HOTAIR, a noncoding RNA or molecule that has been implicated in several types of cancer.
The first clear demonstration of etosis in human blood monocytes, a type of immune cell, has now been discovered by scientists.
An unexpected source for the brain’s development has been discovered by researchers, a finding that offers new insights into the building of the nervous system.
Drugs developed to treat heart and blood vessel problems could be used in combination with chemotherapy to treat an aggressive form of adult leukemia, new research reveals.
Scientists have discovered a newly emerged superbug, hyper-resistant and hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae, which may cause untreatable and fatal infections in relatively healthy individuals and will pose enormous threat to human health.
The immune system protects humans from threats such as, for example, disease-causing bacteria, and cancer as well. Yet if the system malfunctions, it can attack the body it is supposed to defend and cause autoimmune diseases such as type one diabetes mellitus or multiple sclerosis. Scientists have now demonstrated that the membrane protein Caveolin-1 plays a key role in immune responses that trigger this type of disease.
A new study has identified an immunodeficiency which leads to some people becoming seriously ill from the chickenpox virus. The discovery of the gene mutation may help to improve prevention and treatment of the disease. It also contributes with fundamental new knowledge about the immune system.