Re-interventions are common in long-term survivors of childhood heart operation

Among patients who undergo childhood heart surgery for the severe birth defect single-ventricle disease, two-thirds of survivors require a surgical or catheter-based procedure within 20 years. Pediatric cardiology researchers note that doctors should counsel families about the likelihood of re-interventions.

Immigrant parents report fewer adverse childhood experiences than US-born parents

A new study found immigrants reported fewer potentially health-harming adverse childhood experiences, such as abuse, violence, or divorce, than native-born Americans. The findings suggest immigrants may experience different forms of stress early in life than do those born in the United States.

Childhood maltreatment may change brain's response to threat

Neural activity associated with defensive responses in humans shifts between two brain regions depending on the proximity of a threat, suggests neuroimaging data from two independent samples of adults in the Netherlands. In one sample, the findings suggest that emotional abuse during childhood may shift the balance of activity between these regions.

HPV vaccination rates lag for vulnerable population of childhood cancer survivors

Despite being at an increased risk for cancers associated with the human papillomavirus, the first comprehensive American survey found that HPV vaccination rates for childhood cancer survivors lag well behind the national average and that health care providers often fail to recommend the vaccine.